Apple macOS users are the target of a new Rust-based backdoor that has been operating under the radar since November 2023.
The backdoor, codenamed RustDoor by Bitdefender, has been found to impersonate an update for Microsoft Visual Studio and target both Intel and Arm architectures.
The exact initial access pathway used to propagate the implant is currently not known, although it’s said to be distributed as FAT binaries that contain Mach-O files.
Multiple variants of the malware with minor modifications have been detected to date, likely indicating active development. The earliest sample of RustDoor dates back to November 2, 2023.
It comes with a wide range of commands that allow it to gather and upload files, and harvest information about the compromised endpoint.
Some versions also include configurations with details about what data to collect, the list of targeted extensions and directories, and the directories to exclude.
The captured information is then exfiltrated to a command-and-control (C2) server.
“ALPHV/BlackCat is a ransomware family (also written in Rust), that first made its appearance in November 2021, and that has pioneered the public leaks business model,” security researcher Andrei Lapusneau said.
In December 2023, the U.S. government announced that it took down the BlackCat ransomware operation and released a decryption tool that more than 500 affected victims can use to regain access to files locked by the malware.