Newly Uncovered PyPI Package Drops Fileless Cryptominer to Linux Systems

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A now-removed rogue package pushed to the official third-party software repository for Python has been found to deploy cryptominers on Linux systems.

The module, named “secretslib” and downloaded 93 times prior to its deletion, was released to the Python Package Index (PyPI) on August 6, 2022 and is described as “secrets matching and verification made easy.”

CyberSecurity

“On a closer inspection though, the package covertly runs cryptominers on your Linux machine in-memory (directly from your RAM), a technique largely employed by fileless malware and crypters,” Sonatype researcher Ax Sharma disclosed in a report last week.

It achieves this by executing a Linux executable file retrieved from a remote server post installation, whose main task is to drop an ELF file (“memfd“) directly in memory that functions as a Monero crypto miner, after which it gets deleted by the “secretslib” package.

“The malicious activity leaves little to no footprint and is quite ‘invisible’ in a forensic sense,” Sharma pointed out.

On top of that, the threat actor behind the package abused the identity and contact information of a legitimate software engineer working for Argonne National Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy-funded lab to lend credibility to the malware.

CyberSecurity

The idea, in a nutshell, is to trick users into downloading poisoned libraries by assigning them to trusted, popular maintainers without their knowledge or consent – a supply chain threat called package planting.

The development comes as PyPi took steps to purge 10 malicious packages that were orchestrated to harvest critical data points such as passwords and API tokens.

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